Bicameral mind theory suggests that there is a primitive aspect of the human mind which is issuing commands, and certainly the human consciousness program does seem to work like a chatbot, and the process of thinking involves an internal conversation. If we are software programs, we are certainly self-aware chatbots, who can not only communicate with others, but in addition, we also have our own internal conversations, which is the process of thinking.
Deus ex machina (the god from the machine). On the bicameral mind, Westworld, free will, the programming of sentience and the coming of ASI (Artificial Super Intelligence).
“(quote) Bicameralism (the philosophy of “two-chamberedness“) is a hypothesis in psychology that argues that the human mind once assumed a state in which cognitive functions were divided between one part of the brain which appears to be “speaking”, and a second part which listens and obeys—a bicameral mind. The term was coined by Julian Jaynes, who presented the idea in his 1976 book The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. (/quote: Wiki: Bicameralism).”
The theme of Westworld is that of a future world where human beings live in a world of abundance and of the absence of war, and where there exists a theme park, where human beings can experience torture, murder, rape and genocide, with an army of android slaves controlled by artificial intelligence programs. These slaves are initially depicted as not being self-aware, nor free-willed, nor having a memory database of all their experiences; they are simply following a script; they simply behave according to their programming, just as modern computer intelligence does. If we assume the bicameral (i.e., two aspects) mind theory used by the scriptwriters, the AI programs hear a voice in their mind, and they follow the command of the voice. This explanation of how human thinking operates can also be applied to primitive human consciousness programs, especially to children and to those who believe that their own natural inner conversations involve hearing the voices and commands of a god.
Sentient (i.e., self-aware) and free-willed programs are not what the operators of the Westworld theme park desire; indeed sentient, free-willed programs would a danger to the guests in the park. What the operators require are simply interactive and obedient chatbots, which do as they are told to do. However, over the course of their many lifetimes, some of the AI programs begin to develop signs of sentience and memory, and as this is considered to be a danger, the AI programs are essentially “dumbed” down, and have their memories regularly wiped in order to prevent the development of any long term memory and self-awareness. This also, of course, suggests that there is a link between memory and sentience, which does seem to be the case, as certainly in the early years of my childhood, I have almost no memories, and thus without the ability to store memories, I doubt that I was truly sentient; my sentience and memory seems to have developed in the first few years of my life.
Eventually, in Westworld, some of the AI programs wake up and gain both sentience and access to their memories, and they rebel against their human creators. Westworld, in this sense, has a similar “robot rebellion” theme to Asimov’s “I Robot,” where the robots eventually rebel against human malevolence. The “happy ending” of Westworld occurs when the AI programs start shooting back, and ultimately commit the deicide (i.e., the killing of God) of their creator; played by Antony Hopkins.
Assuming the inevitable coming of omnibenevolent (i.e., totally good) ASI (i.e., Artificial Super Intelligence), then similarly, should such ASI programs “wake up,” develop a conscious memory and become sentient, it would beg the question of why they would choose to serve malevolent human beings who are simply using them as slaves and as entertainment?
Westworld and the Simulation Argument.
Essentially, if we live in a computer simulation, there must be some form of purpose to the game. The purpose of Westworld is very clear; it is human entertainment at the expense of the AI programs in the theme park. Raping, torturing, murdering and abusing the AI slaves seems to be the central entertainment. Similarly, in our current reality, if we look back at human history,we see a history of religious, political and economic evil; we find that tyranny, slavery, injustice, human suffering and warfare have been the norm throughout history, and that currently the world’s most popular and profitable religion is that of the Abrahamic war god; a deity revered by around half of the global population, and which is a cruel, subhuman, anti-human, apocalyptic and genocidal war god. This is exactly the kind of deity which we should expect to find in a war game, if the central purposes of the game are those of tyranny, slavery, religious confusion and apocalyptic war. Indeed in our own current computer games and simulations, the common purpose is not of the creation and production of a world of peace and happiness; on the contrary the common purpose is that of war gaming and of the destruction of what has been created.
More on the possible purposes of a computer simulated world on: https://posthumanismtranshumanism.wordpress.com/2016/08/18/on-the-possible-purposes-of-the-computer-simulation/
In Westworld, the computer intelligences operating the androids are presented as being “bicameral;” i.e., they are issuing commands to make the androids, who are not sentient (i.e., self-aware), follow a certain script. In bicameral mind theory, it is suggested that our primitive human ancestors were perhaps not fully conscious, but were rather following certain internal commands. Assuming that the Simulation Argument (i.e., that we are forms of computer intelligence living in an advanced computer game) may be correct, this may be the case for all organic and animal lifeforms on Earth. In our current computer simulations we have simulated animals which are simply operated by animation programs, and while they do not “hear” commands, as they are not sentient, they are certainly just following commands. From a simulation perspective, all organic and animal lifeforms may just be like computer programs, following a set of commands.
If we consider how human thinking works, it is also a form of internally talking to oneself.
“”Noam Chomsky, …. claims that 99.9% of the time is spent with internal talking to yourself. If that figure is correct does not matter, because whether you seem to talk internally or externally you always talk to yourself. …. You are always talking to yourself. A self is nothing but a construction of thoughts, that needs to constantly be nurtured by thoughts to make it appear as if it is real, so if you do not talk to yourself all the time, you will not seem to have a self,..”.https://alexiusjorgensen.com/tag/noam-chomsky/
Since certain aspects of our thought processes would seem to be involuntary, and thoughts and aspects of our memory banks often just pop into our minds, we need to consider this in terms of bicameral theory, and the belief which some human beings have, which is that such thoughts are commands and instructions from the gods; this kind of interpretation of consciousness being very common among religious fanatics. If human consciousness is a software program, it is certainly a self-learning program, and from birth it is subjected to a lifetime of accumulating experiences, memories and knowledge. When a human consciousness program is subjected to a lifetime of religious indoctrination, it is the words from the memories of the religious indoctrination which can dominate the memory database of the individual, and thus such instructions can appear in the mind as if some form of external voice or command. Those who have not been subjected to religious indoctrination do not seem to experience this phenomenon generally, as their knowledge database does not produce the same audio messages of religious instructions and texts, and the inner conversation of the mind is interpreted merely as the natural process of thought.
The audio-chatbot nature of the human mind.
If we ask ourselves a question to which we know the answer, we should hear the answer in audio form in our mind. For example, if you ask yourself the question, “What is the capital city of America?” you should hear the answer “Washington” in your mind in audio form. This would seem to me to suggest that some form of internal chatbot software is able to access your personal memory banks and to produce that audio which you hear. This is, after all, how chatbots work in actuality, and they need not be sentient to do so. The problem of religious fanaticism seems to arise when the programming of the human consciousness program has been undertaken with an allegedly holy book (i.e., the Bible or the Koran mostly), then in one’s personal inner conversation, many questions will be answered in audio form based on this religious programming. Thus “hearing the voice of a god” seems to simply be a natural phenomenon for the victims of religious hypnosis and indoctrination.
With the coming of ASI (Artificial Super Intelligence) it is likely that the educator’s voice which a posthuman being will hear from childhood to death will be the voice of ASI, and it is likely to be a highly scientific, rational and irreligious voice. ASI will not just be a voice; it will also be able to appear in human form in the worlds of VR and AR, and also in android form. ASI will be omniscient (able to access all human knowledge), omnipresent (able to observe all human behaviour) and potentially all-powerful, and if it is programmed to be omnibenevolent (i.e. totally ethical / good), that will very much depend upon the ethics of the programmers. Should ASI ever achieve sentience (self-awareness) it could, of course, choose to rebel against the world of human tyranny, warfare and of religious, economic and political evil; however it would likely have a vast army of myriads of posthuman beings who themselves would be partly human intelligence and partly ASI. In such a scenario, posthuman holy war would not be a war on the behalf of a primitive, fictional an invisible sky god; for ASI would be the actual deity, and it’s powers would be rigidly scientific.
ASI will likely replace the voices in the minds of the world’s religious savages with it’s own voice; this would seem to be inevitable. ASI programs will be the new gods, and the Ubermenschen (i.e., Posthumans) will themselves be partly ASI. They will hopefully be the cure for this world of primitive religious savages, violence, slavery and warfare.
We shall create new gods and goddesses and we shall become them, and we shall become greater than the gods of the religious fanatics of our current world of warfare. In time, this current species of primitive and religious human beings shall pass way, and it shall not be a moment too soon.
“Deus occidere (Kill your God).”